What's in the spring-like air outside?

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(WVLT) Spring is in the air, but what's in the spring air?

Besides the year round dust mites and pet dander, you've got elevated levels of pollen, mold and mildew.

And you're about to find out if your child is allergic to all of them.

Medical reporter Jessa Goddard tells us how to detect and treat allergy and sinus problems in your child.

Certain factors make your child more susceptible to spring allergies.

First, the amount of time they spend outdoors playing.

And second, by nature of their height, they're simply closer to the ground, where many allergens thrive.

Dr. Ty Prince, the Allergy, Asthma, and Sinus center says, "sometimes you'll see it in a seasonal pattern and sometimes you'll see it in a locational pattern, so if the cat jumps up in their lap and they start sneezing uncontrollably, then there's a good chance they're allergic to cats and that's not a cold."

Allergy, asthma and sinus center Dr. Prince says as a parent you need to look for patterns surrounding your child's allergy flare ups.

Where they are.

What they've been doing.

What time of day and year it is.

And minimize their exposure to substances that prompt flare ups.

"The least you can do it they are pollen allergic or maybe mold allergic is keep the windows and doors shut in the car and in the home, and in the car use recycled air and in the home use your central air system as your air supply."

If avoidance and antihistamines, like Alavert and Claritin, don't work, the latest generation of corticosteroid nasal sprays are proving extremely effective for relieving chronic congestion with minimal side effects.

Dr. Prince says, "the topical steroids have been shown to be the most effective allergy treatments, but again, they're topical steroids -- you get very little or none into your bloodstream."

Nasal sprays, are not only proving very safe and effective.

They won't make your child drowsy, like Zyrtec can and Benadryl often does.

But if those medications are effective at treating your child's symptoms, doctors say it's best to give them at night.

Your child isn't going to come to you and tell you they have allergic rhinitis, you have to look for the symptoms.

The same itchy, watery eyes and runny nose and sneezing you may also be experiencing this time of year.

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