William McCaskill, 10, left, and his brother Alex McCaskill, 7,of Lugoff, SC, gather at White Point Garden near Fort Sumter Tuesday, April 12, 2011 for a candlelight sunrise concert to commemorate themoment the first shots of the Civil War were fired in Charleston, S.C. The South Carolina ceremony Tuesday begins the four-year national commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the Civil War. (AP Photo/Alice Keeney)
SUMMIT, Miss. (AP) -- A Civil War raid by Union troops that resulted in destruction of rail lines in southwest Mississippi was unveiled in Summit over the weekend.
The Enterprise-Journal reports that the marker details a raid by Col. Benjamin Grierson and the 6th and 7th Illinois Cavalry to destroy rail lines from Tennessee to Vicksburg. Grierson hoped to distract Confederate Gen. John C. Pemberton, who was defending the city against Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
On April 29, 1863, Grierson was ambushed and changed course, heading to Brookhaven where his men destroyed a conscript's camp before heading south tearing up the rails, bridges, water towers and rail cars along the way.
On May 1, 1863, Grierson was attacked by Confederate cavalry near Gillsburg and made a hasty retreat to Baton Rouge, La.